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All About Chimney Liners

According to the CSIA, problems in your chimney’s flue can pose serious risks to your home and family, as it’s no longer able to perform its primary function: to safely contain and vent the products of combustion to the outside of your home.

Give Aelite Chimney Specialties a call at 815-363-1242 to schedule an inspection to ensure your flue liner is in tip top shape!

Give Aelite Chimney Specialties a call at 815-363-1242 to schedule an inspection to ensure your flue liner is in tip top shape!

 

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Anatomy of Your Chimney

Getting to Know the Parts of a Chimney

There’s that time of year when you’d want to snuggle up with your loved ones as you endure a cold day – a time when you need warmth and comfort. What better way to do that than in front of a cozy well-kept fireplace. Fireplaces and chimneys have been an integral part of homes for many centuries, especially in countries that are further north or south from the equator, or that have four seasons a year. During winter time, people are likely to experience freezing temperatures for a very long time. They need something that can keep them warm.

Understanding how the different parts of your chimney work together for maximum efficiency and safety is something every homeowner should know.

Understanding how the different parts of your chimney work together for maximum efficiency and safety is something every homeowner should know.

A chimney is not just a luxury or just part of a house’s aesthetic design; it is more of a need. There are essential things to learn because the presence of a chimney and fireplace can open the possibility of fires. If your house has a chimney, you have to know how it works as well as how to clean or inspect it to prevent such untoward accidents. In order to know these things, you must first be familiar with its anatomy. Do you know what it’s made of? It will be easier to address any concern regarding your chimney if you have the basic knowledge on its components.

There are six fundamental parts that make up a chimney:

1. Chimney Crown – This protects your chimney from water leaks in small areas. This is important because it can affect the performance of your chimney. The bricks that make a chimney must be protected to assure that there are no leaks and the mortar element will not deteriorate.

2. Flue – This part serves as a passageway for the smoke to come out into the open. It also has a specific area where the smoke is allowed to come in and out of.

3. Flue Lining – This makes sure that flue is properly held together. This also ensures that there is a minimal amount of dangerous debris that will accumulate.

4. Smoke Chamber – The purpose of this is to conduct the compression of some of the materials from combustion into a much smaller area so as not to cause a repercussion. Using slope walls will contribute to this as well.

5. Chimney Damper – These are lever activated doors if you have an automated chimney. They are closed when the other three seasons are fast approaching and are open once the winter season kicks in. This should be maintained throughout the entire year.

6. Smoke Shelf – This is located behind the chimney damper. It performs the duty of catching free falling debris and raindrops. This helps in the alteration of huge amounts of water into the area of the chimney.

These are the basic parts of a chimney. Like any other man-made infrastructure, it has it flaws and shortcomings. It may get damaged due to many factors. Perhaps it is already old, perhaps it’s overused, or perhaps you didn’t use the right kind of materials to burn. Another reason could be because you didn’t maintain it throughout the years. This is the reason why you have to constantly have it inspected. There might be need for it to be repaired. Companies like Aelite Chimney Specialties, provide the best services to fix, repair, and solve all your chimney frustrations. They are definitely the ones to call if you want to experience a whole new level of service.

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Chimney Inspection Levels

Levels of Chimney Inspection

Having a fire inside a home or any enclosed space is dangerous due to the fire and smoke hazards to the building and personal health. It is good to know the inspection procedures and levels of inspection performed by chimney professionals. There are three levels of inspection when it comes to inspecting chimneys according to the Chimney Safety Institute of America (CSIA). Inspection is done to ensure safety of fireplace and chimney operation, but the procedures of the inspection become more in depth and involved with each level of inspection.

A certified chimney sweep checks several vital parts of your chimney to ensure safety.

A certified chimney sweep checks several vital parts of your chimney to ensure safety.

Level 1

Level 1 inspection is the most basic inspection of a chimney, but there is nothing basic about it. Routinely, a level 1 inspection will be conducted during annual evaluations and/or cleaning or sweeping and if the system is being maintained. The Level 1 inspection is limited to accessible portions of the fireplace/appliance and the chimney venting system. The flue is inspected to ensure proper operation and is free from blockage or restriction. This type of inspection is the most routine and if a chimney professional sees something not consistent for proper use can lead to a more detailed Level 2 inspection.

Level 2

A Level 2 inspection is routinely carried out when the use of the system is changing, when there was damage to the system, before a flue relining, or when a Level 1 inspection reveals the need a closer look. This type of inspection is also typical during the home inspection when buying or selling a home to protect the buyer and seller of chimney operation and if any repairs may be necessary. Level 2 inspection includes everything in Level 1 inspection, but other more inaccessible areas are inspected that might include the roof, the crawlspace, attics, basements, etc. Level 2 inspection will also include a video scanning of the chimney system and flue to reveal potential problems or issues. No property will be disturbed or destroyed while performing a Level 2 inspection.

Level 3

A Level 3 inspection must include both Level 1 and Level 2 inspection, but occurs only when Level 2 cannot reveal adequate information about the system to the chimney inspector. In these rare cases, parts of the system must be destroyed to gain access to these concealed areas that cannot be gained by other means.

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